Psychotherapy is a very diversified field. Generally, therapists use elements from several theoretical frameworks into their integrative approaches which is becoming more and more popular in recent years. They include Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Experiential Therapy and Psychodynamic Therapy.
Many psychologists recognize that different frameworks are called for in view of the complexity of presenting cases.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapists often use a number of techniques to assist the client in perceiving alternatives, particularly in cognitive restructuring.
These techniques may include psycho-education, detail examination of how the client organizes thinking and cognitions, developing self-monitoring through different techniques, enhancing problem solving capability etc.
Some times role-playing is used as required.
The client is taught coping skills, given homework assignment to complete, mood assessment skills, and activity scheduling.
The American Psychological Association (APA) described hypnosis as:
"a procedure that can be used to facilitate other types of therapies and treatments. "
"... used in the treatment of pain; depression; anxiety and phobias; stress; habit disorders; gastro-intestinal disorders; skin conditions; post-surgical recovery; relief from nausea and vomiting; childbirth; treatment of hemophilia; and many other conditions."
"In addition to its use in clinical settings, hypnosis is used in research and forensic settings. Researchers study the value of hypnosis in the treatment of physical and psychological problems and examine the impact of hypnosis on sensation, perception, learning, and memory."